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PV Meter

Wholesale PV Meter

A PV meter, also known as a solar meter, is a device that is used to measure the kWh production from a PV system. To be more specific, solar meters collect the PV yield production and local energy consumption to monitor and analyze PV plant performance. Solar meters usually come with a monitoring function to alert the owners of the PV system of issues with the PV system performance, letting them quickly resolve issues and maximize the return of investment. PV system data is transferred to a monitoring platform that provides a concise presentation of PV yields, monetary savings, and system performance. 

Solar meters, which do the measuring, can be internal or external to the inverter. All inverters include an internal meter, but oftentimes, these meters are not revenue grade. External meters can be installed along the AC line between the inverter and the main distribution panel. This allows one meter to measure the output from multiple inverters, which can create significant cost savings as well as a collection of more precise PV yield data if the meter is revenue grade. Moreover, a few solar meters can connect directly to the inverter through an RS485 or Ethernet cable, providing additional data for system monitoring and diagnostics.

How Does a Meter for Solar Work?

In order to measure electrical power (kW) — the rate of production — two aspects must be measure: current and voltage. The current represents the amount of electricity (electrons) flowing through a conductor. Meanwhile, the voltage represents the pressure pushing the electricity through the conductor. 

The current is usually measured by sensing the strength of the magnetic field produced when electricity flows through a conductor. A current sensor installed around a conductor is the current transformer (CT). The voltage is measured directly by the meter via two or more connections to the electrical service. The meter multiplies the current by the voltage to calculate apparent power (VA) and compares the current and voltage signals to calculate the power factor (Pf). The apparent power is multiplied by the power factor to calculate real power (P). Real power is then integrated over time to calculate real energy (kWh). 

What Are the Different Types of PV Meters?

Net Meters

Net meters show the net consumption of power in the household. A net meter does not show how much solar electricity is pushed out to the grid or how much “regular” electricity is taken in from the grid. It merely indicates the difference between the two — or the “net usage.” One fact about the net meter that everyone needs to be aware of is that the net meter actually runs backward if the system is producing more solar energy than the owner of the system is using at that point in time. 

Bi-Directional Meters

Bi-directional meters have three display screens. One is a test screen where all lights are on. The second screen shows power coming in from the grid, and the third shows power going out from the solar system into the grid. 

Dual Metering

In a dual metering situation, there are two separate meters that do not communicate. The original utility meter continues to show how much electricity is being taken from the utility. This is called the usage meter. A new, second meter measures how much solar electricity is sent to the utility. This is called a production meter or a generation meter. Both meters are tied to the electric company account of the owner of the system.  

Why Buy Wholesale Solar Meters for PV Systems from Us?

Our website lists solar meters from reputable brands all over the world. As a result, you can expect that the solar meters that we offer are of the best variety. They are characterized by numerous remarkable features, such as higher efficiency, reliable performance, and longer life span, thus giving them the ability to fulfill all your solar power needs. 

If you want to buy solar meters for PV systems at low wholesale prices, then go through our website to explore products with profitable deals. You can also choose to send in your query at info@solarfeeds.com.

Wholesalers

Solar Products Wholesalers 

Wholesaling refers to buying some products or goods directly from its manufacturer usually at a discount and then reselling it to the retailers for a comparatively higher cost than the original. Basically, wholesalers handle products and package them in small quantities and then sell them to retail customers, either for commercial or personal use. 

Many industries have wholesalers, and that will not skip the solar industries. Nowadays, many solar wholesale stores/firms are operating across the globe, making it much easier for retailers to go solar. Sometimes retailers find it hard to reach direct manufacturers of solar products because some companies do not have their solar stores/shops in public, with that they are not also offering solar products per piece. Through wholesale solar stores/shops, these individuals can easily buy the solar products that they need to replace or maintain their solar systems. 

If you are in need of solar product suppliers for an individual purpose, you may visit some solar outsourcing marketplace to get an updated list of solar wholesalers near your location. There are many solar platforms that provide enough information and data about the solar industry in your region, including all the reliable solar wholesalers in town.

Germany

What is Solar Energy in Germany?

Germany, despite being a sun-drenched country has been considered as one of the highest solar power outputs around the world and still possesses the most advanced and latest research about solar energy and has many new industry actors. Moreover, they’re expecting for the second wave of solar power expansion, which will soon bring success and progress for the solar technology’s full systemic integration.

For several years, Germany has been considered as the world’s top PV installer among other countries. At the end of the year 2016, Germany managed to build a total installed solar power capacity of 41.3 gigawatts (GW) which was behind China’s solar capacity.

Most solar power in Germany exclusively consists of photovoltaics (PV) systems only. Germany has only a little interest in concentrated solar power (CSP) for it does not use photovoltaics and this solar technology requires much higher solar insolation as compared to the PV system. However, there is still an experimental CSP-plant with 1.5 MW capacity which is being used solely for on-site engineering purposes only rather than for commercial electricity/power generation. This concentrated solar power is called the “Jülich Solar Tower” that is owned by the German Aerospace Center.

Moreover, in 2014, Germany managed to install about 1.5 million photovoltaic systems across the country which are ranging from small rooftop solar power systems to medium commercial and large utility-scale solar plants and farms. The largest solar farms of Germany are located in Neuhardenberg, Templin and Meuro with solar capacities of over 100 MW. Moreover, these PV technologies were accounted for an estimated 6.2 to 6.9 percent of Germany’s net electricity generation in the year 2016.

However, new installations of photovoltaic systems have slowed down steadily since the beginning of the year 2011. Also, it was estimated in the year 2017 that over 70 percent of the employment in the solar industry of the country have been lost in recent years. Solar power in Germany has gone through rough times since it has been started in the wake of Germany’s Renewable Energy Act in the year 2000. However, German companies quickly loomed to global leadership in solar power technology before a collapse in the solar industry happen and some of the companies were forced to hold their businesses.

Proponents from the Photovoltaic industry blamed the government for its lack of commitment in the said industry, while others point out that the loss of jobs in the solar sector is due to financial burden that was associated with the fast-paced launching and manufacturing of photovoltaics, which in their perspective was very unsustainable to the transition of renewable energies.

With all of these, still, the official governmental goal of Germany is to continuously improve and increase the contribution of renewable energy to the country’s overall electricity generation and consumption. By 2020, Germany is aiming for a long-term minimum target of 35 percent capacity, 50 percent by 2030 and around 80 percent power capacity by the end of 2050.

Currently, the country is significantly producing more electricity at specific times with high solar irradiation than the country’s needs, slowing down spot-market prices and exporting the country’s electricity surplus to nearby countries. In 2014, the record of exported electricity surplus reached almost 34 TWh. The decline of spot-prices in the market may raise the electricity prices for retail customers, as the expansion of the guaranteed feed-in tariff and spot-price increases as well.

As the combined share of fluctuating wind and solar energy is nearly achieving 17 percent of the national electricity mix, energy issues and problems are also being prevented and others becoming more manageable. This is because of the electrical grid adaptation, new grid-storage capacity construction, reduction of fossil fuels, altering of nuclear power plants and constructing a new generation of combined heat and power plants. Today, nuclear power and brown coal are the cheapest suppliers of electricity in Germany.