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A Classic American Manufacturing Success Story Advanced Power Inc. (API) was built from humble beginnings and thrives in small Oklahoma towns. We got [...]

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Established as a Sole Proprietorship firm in the year 1999, we “Akshar Enterprise” are a leading Manufacturer and Exporter of a wide range of [...]

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Alpex is a significant global player in the manufacture highly specialized high power photovoltaic modules and solar systems which are not only world [...]

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Amrut Energy Pvt Ltd is one of the leading and fastest growing companies in the solar energy sector. Established in 2014, with the aim of providing [...]

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Ananya Solar Technologies is one of the leading EPC players in the Indian solar industry. Grid solar roof top, off-grid solar system, solar street [...]

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Bluebird Solar is one of the best solar power solutions provider in India. With a team of young and dynamic professionals we are actively engaged in [...]

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ICOMM is one of India's leading manufacturers and turnkey solution providers in the diverse domains of Telecom & Defence, Power, Solar and [...]

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We would like to introduce ourselves as one of the leading manufacturers of Energy Efficient Solar Stainless Steel Pumps (SS 304) with innovative [...]

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Palm Joint venture with European Tech company to produce high quality inverter heat pump, pool heat pump, manufacturer and factory for high quality [...]

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Last Updated Oct 24, 2021

Solar Water Pump

Solar water pump definition

A solar water pump is a mechanical pump powered by electricity generated using photovoltaic panels. It is popularly referred to as a solar water pumping system because it requires several key components to work. The critical constituents of a functional water pump include; 

  • A solar panel array
  • A mechanical DC water pump
  • Photovoltaic cables
  • A fuse box
  • A solar charger control

You can employ a solar water pump in various applications, including crop irrigation and drinking water supply. Currently, it is the most suitable option for all your pumping needs because it has several benefits. It is essentially more efficient to operate and less costly to maintain than traditional fossil fuel-powered pumps. More importantly, it is environmentally friendly primarily because it runs on renewable solar energy. How exactly does it work?

The solar water pump’s working principle 

When most of us hear of a solar water pump, we assume it is pretty challenging to use. I can confidently tell you that its usage is pretty straightforward once you install all the necessary components. Figure 1 below offers an outline of the main things you need to have in place for your solar water pump to work efficiently;

Figure 1: Components of a functional solar water pump system

The solar array absorbs solar energy and converts it into electric energy. The solar water pump’s inverter converts the DC  electric current output generated by the photovoltaic system into AC. The AC electric current powers the pump and propels water from the source to the intended destination. 

It is also crucial to note that the inverters regulate the electricity output frequency and voltage instantaneously. These regulatory actions correspond to variations in sunlight intensity. In simple terms, the system switches to supplementary energy automatically when sunlight intensity weakens. Is this not enough to convince you that a solar water pumping system is worth its investment?

Classifications of solar water pumps

There are several classifications of solar water pumps that you can choose from depending on your specific needs. The main varieties of solar water pumps include;

  • The submersible solar water pump

This type of pump is ideal for deep water sources such as wells. It can lift up to 650 feet of water provided the sunlight energy can generate sufficient electricity to power the pump. Consequently, it is advisable to pump and store water when the sun’s intensity is at its best.

  • The surface solar water pump

This pumping system is suitable for shallow water sources, including streams, storage tanks, and ponds. They can comfortably lift water with a depth of not more than 20 feet. If you intend to draw water beyond this depth, it would be best to settle for submersible pumps.