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What are Green Jobs?

Nowadays, “going green” is not a new idea anymore unlike in the past few years where people got puzzled the moment you mention that simple phrase, up until now, there were many sprouting ideas associated with the word “green”. Green colour symbolizes “trees, plants, and rain forest” which make up our nature that’s why being green also connotes being environmentally friendly, nature stewards and many other terms concerning a sustainable and cleaner world for everyone. Aside from green projects and programs being implemented up to today, there are also what we called “green jobs”. 

It is now widely recognized all over the world as companies and industries support the green movement. These jobs involve manufacturing eco-friendly goods and services, implementing sustainable systems and practices or it can be a program educating and encouraging everyone to support and to finally go green to maintain a sustainable environment. These are just some of the ideas about this green job, and sooner or later this can offer more jobs for any job seeker.

The main benefits of green jobs are they:

  • Improve the efficiency of raw materials and energy
  • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions
  • Minimize pollution and waste
  • Preserve and restore the environment
  • Support the process of adapting to the effects of climate change

At the enterprise level, green jobs can provide goods or provide services that benefit the environment. A couple of examples are green buildings or clean transportation.

Green Jobs, also called “Green Energy Jobs or Green Collar Jobs,” are those jobs which help to preserve or restore the environment and to promote a greener and cleaner environment. These jobs are created in some traditional sectors such as manufacturing and construction, and it can be related also to other green sectors such as the renewable energy sectors and energy efficiency sectors. 

The green jobs can start with a small or big business, nonprofit organizations, government, and education. Even self-employment and entrepreneurship can also be part of the new green job economy.

According to the United Nations Environment Program, a green job is a “work in agricultural, manufacturing, research and development (R&D), administrative, and service activities that contribute(s) substantially to preserving or restoring environmental quality. Specifically, but not limited, to those jobs that help to protect ecosystems and biodiversity; reduce energy, materials, and water consumption through high-efficiency strategies; de-carbonize the economy; and minimize or altogether avoid the generation of all forms of waste and pollution.” It has been said also that the environmental sector has the dual benefit of diminishing environmental issues or challenges as well as helping economic growth.

Whereas, the Bureau of Labor Statistics describes green jobs as “jobs in which workers’ duties involve making their establishment’s production processes more environmentally friendly or use fewer natural resources” and a business that produces goods and services that benefit the environment or conserve natural resources”.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics grouped Green Jobs into the following: 

  1. Geothermal energy
  2. Water conservation
  3. Solar power
  4. Wind energy
  5. Sustainable forestry 
  6. Biofuels
  7. Environmental remediation
  8. Sustainability
  9. Energy auditors
  10. Recycling
  11. Electric Vehicles

Moreover, the ultimate goal of green jobs is to develop the efficiency of all forms of renewable energy and the renewables themselves. This can be done by implementing pieces of training, education programs to the green job seekers. So they can enforce regulations, teachings, and public influence on both the people’s and environment’s benefits. 

Why Green Jobs are important?

Aside from implementing programs and projects to support green environment movement, the green job also takes its part to promote and support a greener environment. The majority of people are both motivated and concerned about the environment. Almost everyone wanted to give their full energy to apply for green jobs with the anticipation to save and preserve the earth. 

These jobs are very important especially nowadays where severe weather events are occurring in most of the regions worldwide. 

Green jobs are one of the keys to save the environment. Without green jobs, most of the people will be only trapped in jobs with ‘horrible’ industries and companies which are just extending the unsustainable status quo of most employees. Providing mainstream green job sites play a vital role in informing others that this green job exists as well as encouraging them to join and apply for green job opportunities. So they will become more motivated to pursue green movements and embrace diverse green opportunities being offered.

List of Green Jobs

Water Quality Scientist

A water quality scientist test and analyze the quality of water obtained from the three main sources such as groundwater, drinking water and surface water like rivers, lakes, ponds, etc. They ensure that the provided global water quality standards and other necessary requirements are met to make sure that both human safety and the natural environment safety are attained. Water is considered the lifeblood of our planet which means that it entails thousands of opportunities and works for this area. 

Environmental Scientist

Environmental scientists conduct researches to determine and eliminate the different sources of chemical pollutants and other harmful factors affecting the environment. This is occasionally done to examine the whole system of the environment as well as natural resources. They also develop a variety of plans and policies designed to reduce the harmful effects of human activity on the environment. Additionally, they also control, prevent and fix other environmental problems such as air, water, and land pollution. 

Agricultural Scientist

Agricultural scientists conduct researches and experiments about the nutrition and reproduction of animals and plant yields, as well as farm management to develop more effective ways of producing and manufacturing agricultural products. They understand the different processes behind the growth of animals and crops and they turn that knowledge into practical approaches to improve food quality, productivity, and sustainability of agricultural industries and even small farms.

Climate Change Scientist

From the word itself, “climate change” these scientists do research and investigations to come up with present data about the structure and dynamics of the climate system.

Renewable Energy Engineer

These engineers study and examine what is the best way to supply and sustain energy from a variety of renewable resources, such as solar energy, geothermal energy, wind energy, hydro and biofuels, etc. Their fundamental goal is to provide safer and cleaner energy for the benefits of the environment. 

Environmental Engineer

Environmental Engineer was considered as one of the fastest-growing environmental jobs in 2018. Their duty is to examine and reduce the effects of human and other activities on both the natural and man-made environment by mitigating pollutions and protecting all the sources such as the land, air, and water. 

Electric Car Engineer

They combine science and mathematics to produce and develop electric automobile technology. They do quality evaluations concerning the measure of efficiency, reliability, cost, and safety of these electric automobile designs. 

Conservation Officer

A conservation officer is responsible for mandating precautions and ensuring the protection of the natural environment including resources through educating and giving awareness to the communities as well as encouraging everyone to preserve the environment.

Environmental Health Officer

Environmental Health Officers monitor the public health of both the natural and built environment to measure the health risks, prevent harmful factors and promote best practices environmentally and good human health. 

Wind Energy Technician

This job is considered one of the fastest-growing environmental jobs globally in 2017. Wind energy technicians do the installation, inspection, maintenance, as well as operating and repairing of wind turbines. They have expertise in identifying and fixing issues that could cause wind turbines’ malfunctions. 

Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Installers

They are responsible for assembling and carrying out the solar panel’s installation on rooftops and ground-mounted solar panels. 

Urban Grower / Urban Farmer

Urban farmers’ duty is to help in developing the growth of food in a city and heavily populated towns. 

Marine Biologist

Marine Biologist is responsible for analyzing the interplay of marine life of animals and plants including the coastal areas. Their roles also involve measuring the effect of climate change on our oceans and the amount of ocean acidification and other factors that can damage the coral reef ecosystems.


Ecologists examine and study ecosystems as a whole. Particularly, they are responsible to investigate both the living and non-living components of the environment. They study various plants and animats living within the ecosystem as well as their relationship with one another.

Recycling Worker

They categorized materials, such as paper, plastics, metals, glass, and wood right into the correct designated containers for the recycling process.

Green Building Designers

They are those people who design a green building, it can be a residential house, school, office, hospital, or any other establishments and infrastructures. They make a design and construction to reduce or to potentially eliminate negative impacts on the natural environment.

Environmental Manager

Environmental managers supervise private companies and public institutions’ environmental performance. They also formulate and execute environmental approaches that promote sustainable development.

Forestry Manager

Foresters are responsible for managing the cultivation of the rainforests. They lead the planting, harvesting, and conservation of forests for the process of wood production. They ensure balance and sustainable environment by producing multipurpose forests, effective forest management including reforestation of native woodlands.

Reviews about Green Jobs

Green Jobs – Renewable

Here’s How Green Energy Could Create Millions of Jobs

Green Building: Jobs of the Future

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Over the last couple of years the Democrats have passed legislation thatstaved off a much deeper much more severe depression. Contrary to theRepublican attacks ads, the President’s stimulus package has helped tocreate jobs and is poised to do more in the next couple of years.

A January 2010 report by the President’s Council of Economic Advisersfound the clean energy provisions of the American Recovery andReinvestment Act had already saved or created 63000 jobs and they areexpected to create more than 700,000 green jobs by 2012.

Greencareers could play an important role in the ongoing recovery of the USeconomy and they are crucial to future job growth. Green holds morepotential for real economic growth than any other industry.

Clean energy is a national security issue and an issue of globalcompetitiveness. President Obama wants to advance green industry so that the US can be a competitive leader.

Many Democrats understandthat we do not need to choose between a healthy economy and a healthyenvironment. The President and many Democrats seek to create green jobsby promoting clean technologies, for this generation and futuregenerations.

Richard Matthews is a consultant, eco-entrepreneur, sustainable investor and writer. He is the owner of THE GREEN MARKET, one of the Web’s most comprehensive resources on the business of the environment. He is also the author of numerous articles on sustainable positioning, green investing, enviro-politics and eco-economics.


President Obama’s 2012 budget plan slashes the deficit by $1.1 trillionover 10 years, but House Republicans want to see at least $60 billion in cuts this year. Obama indicated that the budget he sent Congress will help meet his goal of cutting the deficit in half by the end of his first term.

The Obama budget is said to have used a scapel to make cuts while at thesame time increasing spending in areas deemed vital to America’scompetitiveness. The budget proposes tax increases for the wealthy andsome businesses, and increased government investments in elementaryschools and clean energy. They also integrated some interesting greenways of saving money. The State Department said it expected to save $5.3 million over the next three years by painting the roofs of itsembassies and other offices in a heat-reflecting, energy-saving whitecolor. And the US Agency for International Development projectedhundreds of thousands in savings by reducing the font size in itsdocuments to reduce paper usage.

Republican cost cutting measures have been put together in the Continuing Resolution (CR), they alsoproposed almost 600 amendments. Many of the proposed amendments aredesigned to cut spending and defund policies including the Democratsgreen agenda. The two most important amendments for anti-environmentalconservatives include Amendments No. 198 and No 149.

AmendmentNo. 198 seeks to block EPA enforcement. This amendment was introduced by Rep. Ted Poe (R.-Tex.), it would prohibit any CR funds for theEnvironmental Protection Agency (EPA) to “implement, administer, orenforce” the cap-and-trade program or requirements pertaining to theemissions of greenhouse gases, such as the permit requirement under theClean Air Act.

Amendment No. 149 wants to defund the ClimateChange Panel. This amendment was introduced by Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer(R.-Mo.), it would block any CR funds from being used for “contributions to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).”

TheRepublican track record on the environment is woeful. The group basedits scores on legislator’s environmental record in six Senate votes andnine House votes. The League of Conservation Voters scorecard of 2010congressional votes, illustrates just how unfriendly Republicans are tothe environment.

Republicans want to eliminate Obama’s proposedinvestment in clean energy, as well as deprive the EPA and the ClimateChange Panel of funding. Democrats control of the Senate and Obama’sveto powers, may be able to stave off the CR bill, but Republicans havethreatened to shut down government even though this may not produce theresults they desire. According to a CNN/Opinion Research Corporation survey released late last year, most Americans would not react favorably ifRepublicans shut down the federal government for a few weeks.

Ifwe ignore Republican’s knee jerk obstructionism, the issue comes down to whether the benefits of government spending benefits to the economyoutweigh deficit spending. Governments around the world seem to shareObama’s take on the importance of government investment to help theeconomy. This is particularly true for green spending which helpsindustries grow so that they can be internationally competitive.

Republican law-makers need to be reminded that unemployment is one of America’s greatest challenges and green government investments create jobs. While the rest of the world is investing in employment, Republicans are trying to divest America of its ability to compete in the growing green economy.

Richard Matthews is a consultant, eco-entrepreneur, sustainable investor and writer. He is the owner of THE GREEN MARKET, one of the Web’s most comprehensive resources on the business of the environment. He is also the author of numerous articles on sustainable positioning, green investing, enviro-politics and eco-economics.

Original Article on The Green Energy Blog

A critical component in public policyadvocacy efforts in support of solar power and PV manufacturingworldwide is the impact on employment. PV power has been demonstratedto have the most beneficial impact on job creation than energy sourceand this fact is a critical asset in lobbying efforts in support ofeffective solar policies. As legislators around the world becomeincreasingly involved in solar policy, PV power’s impact on employmentmay become more important than grid parity or sophisticated energydemand/supply models. During this era of rising global unemployment,politicians love to tout their impact on jobs.

Work by many researchers has shown thatsolar energy is the most effective and efficient job creator among allenergy alternatives. An estimated 10 jobs are created per MW duringproduction and about 33 jobs per MW during the process of installation.Wholesaling of the systems and indirect supply (for example in theproduction process) each create 3-4 jobs per MW and research addsanother 1-2 jobs per MW. By 2030, an estimated that 10 millionfull-time jobs would have been created by the development of solarpower around the world. Over half of those would be in the installationand marketing of systems (EPIA).

The job creation impact of PV wasanother positive outcome for Germany’s successful solar policies. In2007, the German PV industry alone employed 42,000 people. Such animpact on Germany’s national job market would be impressive for anysource of energy.

While greenhouse gas reduction is aunifying and mission critical objective, the jobs success was anotherkey motivator behind eighteen of the European Union’s twenty-sevenmember states—along with some twenty-five countries, cities, andprovinces elsewhere in the world—adopting feed-in tariffs.

One study, “The Job Creation Potentialof Solar and Conservation: A Critical Evaluation,” concludes that solarPV creates 55-80 times as many direct jobs as natural gas. A Universityof California (UC) report concludes if 20 percent of US energy camefrom renewable sources by 2020, between 188,000 to 240,850 jobs couldbe created, and goes on to state that PV creates more jobs per megawattof capacity than any other energy technology–20 manufacturing and 13installation/maintenance jobs per installed megawatt. The US SolarEnergy Industries Association estimates that by achieving a goal of12.5 percent of electricity generation to come from solar by 2020, 1.5million new jobs in the solar industry will be created.

Much of the support of the current prosolar provisions in the US energy bill is a direct result of thepotential creation of the $10 billion “Green Bank” plan in the carbonbill passed by the US House that would provide direct loans andgovernment loan guarantees to alternative energy companies despite thecredit crunch. Some observers call the bank, known as the Clean EnergyDeployment Administration, a “Marshall Plan” for the low carboneconomy, referring to the U.S. plan for rebuilding Europe after WorldWar II.

Another factor in the job creationbenefits of PV power is the relationship between research anddevelopment and manufacturing. Germany’s strong solar industry clustersin the Saxony region have shown how research institutions and advancedR&D operations can directly lead to manufacturing jobs. In the US,the great hope is that the impressive amount venture capital, patents,and future innovations currently in the US will translate into US jobs.North American companies raised $5.9 billion in “clean tech” venturecapital in 2008 accounting for close to 70% of the world investmenttotal. Nearly 100 new cell and module companies have been formed in theUS. Policy makers who think that like other US innovations insemiconductors, computers and consumer electronics, that manufacturingwill be ultimately based in Asia will less inclined to supportaggressive solar expansion policies. Bridging the gap betweeninnovation and production—or between “invented in the USA” and “Made inthe USA”—should be the chief concerns of policy makers at the local,State, and Federal levels.

The PV Group has been working closelywith the DOE, The Academy of Sciences, and other institutions onfacilitating technology roadmaps, industry standards, and otherrequirements for a healthy and prosperous PV industry. Their leadershipand resources are essential for the industry’s development in the US.But everyone knows we can and must do better. In fact, the focus onjobs may be required to move US Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu frompotential PV skeptic to historic PV-advocate. Chu recently told theMIT’s Technology Review that solar power is still far too expensive tocompete with conventional power plants. He said that making solar cheapwill require “transformative technologies,” equivalent to the discoveryof the transistor. An astute political operative, Chu may be moreconvinced of the preeminence of solar when he thinks of job creationthan when he contemplates the likelihood of “transformative”innovations in cell efficiency.

And finally, the other critical aspectof the focus on jobs is that it leads right back to the demand side ofthe equation. The most important factor in establishing PVmanufacturing in any region is the expectation of growing demand,fostered in part by tax incentives, feed-in-tariffs and other temporarymarket-making policies. Manufacturing jobs have followedinstallation/sales jobs as PV demand was accelerated in Germany, Spain,Italy, and South Korea. And jobs will follow in the US and othercountries as the public policy, financing and deployment infrastructureis developed.

If talking about job creation is whatpoliticians require to support responsible and effective energy policy,then so-be-it, let’s talk about jobs.

By Bettina Weiss, Sr. Director, PV Group


Here is a review of some of the sectors and careers that will benefit from green jobs investments. According to a UNEP report, this includes, renewable energy, construction, transportation, food, agriculture, commodities, and forestry.

President Obama made his commitment to green jobs clear in his State of the Union Address. The US Department of Labor is working with the community, labor and industry to support green job growth.

Here are some of the areas where green careers are most in demand for 2011 and beyond:

Recycling, solar, wind, smart grid, energy efficiency, retrofitting, greenbuilding, sustainable farming, sustainable forestry, conservationbiology, bio-mimicry, green chemistry, public transportation, wastemanagement, sustainability officer, urban planning and sustainablesystems development.

Many of these positions require specialtraining. A large number of colleges and technical institutes offercomplete career training. See The Green Market’s Searchable Environmental Education Resources for a wide range of sustainable and green education options in the USand around the world. One of the best degrees with the widestapplicability is a Green MBA.

Preparing for a job in these high growth fields increases employment, grows the economy and contributes to a healthier planet.

Richard Matthews is a consultant, eco-entrepreneur, sustainable investor and writer. He is the owner of THE GREEN MARKET, one of the Web’s most comprehensive resources on the business of the environment. He is also the author of numerous articles on sustainable positioning, green investing, enviro-politics and eco-economics.

Original Article on The Green Market Blog

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