Solar Market Outlook in Turkey
The outlook is good for Turkey’s overall renewable energy industry, with the exception of hydropower. In 2020, the country’s renewable energy production reached 19.07 GW. The country is projecting a total energy production from solar energy and other renewable sources to 49.31% by 2030. This results in a compound annual growth rate of 10%, which is very promising for the country’s solar energy efforts.
The solar energy sector is one of the best performing among its renewable energy market. In 2018, it has already achieved its 2023 target of 5 GW solar PV capacity. They are hoping to increase that to 15 GW by 2027. Given the annual growth rate of the solar energy sector, they can easily meet that target, as long as they can sustain growth.
The Renewable Energy Law in Turkey has been an effective tool to facilitate the government’s efforts to achieve its solar energy target. The government also believes that the privatization of the power distribution in the country has contributed to boosting the level of competition and subsequently growing the solar capacity in the country.
Solar Energy Equipment Supply Capacity in Turkey
There is a good mix of local and foreign suppliers and distributors of solar power equipment in Turkey. This makes it easy to promote solar PV capacity in the country, whether for residential and commercial installations.
Top Major Seaports & Logistics in Turkey
Turkey’s logistics and trade activity is facilitated through one of its many commercial seaports. The following are some of the busiest ports that you can take advantage of to transport solar equipment and supplies:
- Port of Haydarpasa,
- Port of Mersin,
- Port of Eregli,
- Port of Izmir,
- Port of Gemlik,
- Port of Ambarli.
Nickel Iron Battery
What is a Nickel Iron Battery?
A Nickel-iron battery is a rechargeable battery used for storing electric power. A Nickel-Iron(NiFe) battery contains nickel hydroxide and iron plates. The nickel(III) plates have a positive charge, and the iron plates have a negative. Each cell of this battery gives about 1.2 V of nominal voltage.
These batteries have cell durability of more than 30 years with repeated deep discharges. The slow power discharge is because the solubility of the reactants in the electrolytic solution is significantly low.
What are the applications of a Nickel Iron Battery?
Nickel Iron batteries find their application in various fields for power storage. Some of them are,
Solar Applications: The robust nature of NiFe batteries makes them suitable for solar power production. In solar applications, these batteries can fully charge in 4 hours and take overcharges and deep discharges.
Car Headlights: Due to the low self-discharge rate of only 20% to 30%. NiFe batteries produce current in the car’s electrical system and run the air conditioning.
Electrical Engines: Metro train propulsion systems in the United Kingdom and North America use Nickel Iron batteries.
How does a Nickel Iron Battery work?
Charging: The charging of the batteries takes place in the potassium hydroxide solution. Oxygen gets transferred from one plate to another. The anode is super oxidized, while the cathode has less oxidation.
Discharging: In a closed circuit, the Nickel iron battery experiences deoxidation on the positive side. While the oxidation of Iron plates, the charge starts to flow through the electrical circuit. Oxygen naturally gets attracted to Iron, forming the iron oxide.
What are some big brands of Nickel Iron batteries?
Iron Edison is one of the largest Nickel Iron battery manufacturers and suppliers in the USA. Some of the other manufacturers of Nickel-iron batteries are:
- Battery Solutions, LLC
- HBL America, Inc.
- U.S. Materials Handling Corp.