Solar Market Outlook in Russia
There is a renewable energy drive going on in Russia right now and solar energy is leading the way for renewable sources. At the end of 2019, the country reached a PV capacity installation of 1.7 GW. This came as a result of the Russian government’s grid-connected projects that launched in 2014.
The Russian government tendered another 500 MW of solar capacity in 2020. This is just one part of the country’s continued effort to deploy solar energy systems and reach its target of 7 GW in solar energy by 2035.
In particular, the Russian government is accelerating its efforts at PV and solar installations in areas that are disconnected from the CSA grid. They believe that these areas have the highest potential for solar projects due to limited access to transport infrastructure and energy sources.
With full support from the Russian government through the enactment of the renewable energy law, it is expected that the renewable energy sector will create an attractive business environment. The Russian government is specifically looking to attract local and international clean energy investors, such as those willing to put up solar power plants in the country.
Solar Energy Equipment Supply Capacity in Russia
Russia is one of the top countries in terms of renewable energy production. It is one of the top producers in the EU and the rest of the world.
Therefore, there is a wide array of equipment suppliers and distributors in and out of Russia for those looking to make solar installations.
Top 8 Major Seaports & Logistics in Russia
For those looking to invest in solar power equipment, Russia is home to a vast logistics industry and they have several major seaports.
The major seaports in Russia are Saint Petersburg, Vladivostok, Novorossiyk, Kaliningrad, Sosnogorsk, Privolzhsky, Pavlovsk, and Pyatigorsk. The aforementioned are some of the busiest ports in Russia and in Europe.
Nickel Iron Battery
What is a Nickel Iron Battery?
A Nickel-iron battery is a rechargeable battery used for storing electric power. A Nickel-Iron(NiFe) battery contains nickel hydroxide and iron plates. The nickel(III) plates have a positive charge, and the iron plates have a negative. Each cell of this battery gives about 1.2 V of nominal voltage.
These batteries have cell durability of more than 30 years with repeated deep discharges. The slow power discharge is because the solubility of the reactants in the electrolytic solution is significantly low.
What are the applications of a Nickel Iron Battery?
Nickel Iron batteries find their application in various fields for power storage. Some of them are,
Solar Applications: The robust nature of NiFe batteries makes them suitable for solar power production. In solar applications, these batteries can fully charge in 4 hours and take overcharges and deep discharges.
Car Headlights: Due to the low self-discharge rate of only 20% to 30%. NiFe batteries produce current in the car’s electrical system and run the air conditioning.
Electrical Engines: Metro train propulsion systems in the United Kingdom and North America use Nickel Iron batteries.
How does a Nickel Iron Battery work?
Charging: The charging of the batteries takes place in the potassium hydroxide solution. Oxygen gets transferred from one plate to another. The anode is super oxidized, while the cathode has less oxidation.
Discharging: In a closed circuit, the Nickel iron battery experiences deoxidation on the positive side. While the oxidation of Iron plates, the charge starts to flow through the electrical circuit. Oxygen naturally gets attracted to Iron, forming the iron oxide.
What are some big brands of Nickel Iron batteries?
Iron Edison is one of the largest Nickel Iron battery manufacturers and suppliers in the USA. Some of the other manufacturers of Nickel-iron batteries are:
- Battery Solutions, LLC
- HBL America, Inc.
- U.S. Materials Handling Corp.