Solar Market Outlook in Russia
There is a renewable energy drive going on in Russia right now and solar energy is leading the way for renewable sources. At the end of 2019, the country reached a PV capacity installation of 1.7 GW. This came as a result of the Russian government’s grid-connected projects that launched in 2014.
The Russian government tendered another 500 MW of solar capacity in 2020. This is just one part of the country’s continued effort to deploy solar energy systems and reach its target of 7 GW in solar energy by 2035.
In particular, the Russian government is accelerating its efforts at PV and solar installations in areas that are disconnected from the CSA grid. They believe that these areas have the highest potential for solar projects due to limited access to transport infrastructure and energy sources.
With full support from the Russian government through the enactment of the renewable energy law, it is expected that the renewable energy sector will create an attractive business environment. The Russian government is specifically looking to attract local and international clean energy investors, such as those willing to put up solar power plants in the country.
Solar Energy Equipment Supply Capacity in Russia
Russia is one of the top countries in terms of renewable energy production. It is one of the top producers in the EU and the rest of the world.
Therefore, there is a wide array of equipment suppliers and distributors in and out of Russia for those looking to make solar installations.
Top 8 Major Seaports & Logistics in Russia
For those looking to invest in solar power equipment, Russia is home to a vast logistics industry and they have several major seaports.
The major seaports in Russia are Saint Petersburg, Vladivostok, Novorossiyk, Kaliningrad, Sosnogorsk, Privolzhsky, Pavlovsk, and Pyatigorsk. The aforementioned are some of the busiest ports in Russia and in Europe.
When installing a solar panel system, you have to be familiar with the electric breakers and how it works with a solar PV system to avoid future electric problems. The electric breaker is one of the main components of a solar power system that provides safety mechanisms. If ever the electrical wiring of your system has too much current flowing through it, these breakers can easily cut the power until your solar installer can fix the system’s problem.
For today’s article, we will discuss electric breakers and their function in solar photovoltaic systems.
What is an Electric Breaker?
An electric or circuit breaker is an electrical switch designed to protect electrical circuits from damage caused by overloading of current or a short circuit. The basic function of an electric breaker is to prevent the current flow once protective relays detect a fault in the system.
Although it is frequently interchanged with a fuse, which is the simplest Over Current Protection device (OCPD) in electrical circuits, a circuit breaker, is a much-evolved type of device that interrupts the current flow. The main difference between the two is electric breaker is resettable and the fuse is not. The fuse sacrifices itself while protecting the system to overheat, while the circuit breaker can withstand hundreds and thousands of operations. Another difference is that electric breakers are used with relatively higher currents.
Components of Circuit Breaker
A circuit breaker system is composed of three parts. These three components are the sensing system, relay, and the combination of contacts and the contact actuator. A sensing system is responsible for detecting an overload situation, while a relay is responsible for transferring the information to the switching arrangement, and the combination of contacts and the contact actuator. This electric arrangement is usually observed in power transmission and distribution networks dealing with very high currents, voltages, and powers.
Circuit Breakers Calculation in Solar Panel Systems
When connecting circuit breakers to the PV system, you have to follow the recommended calculations to avoid future problems and damage to the entire system. The recommendations for using overcurrent protection devices including circuit breakers in solar modules against overloading conditions are given in IEC 60269-6 (volume 6 of IEC 60269-6) and also UL 248-19.
For circuit breakers, IEC recommends a 20% and 25% margin in voltage and overload current. Most of the time, the ratings are specified by the solar manufacturers at given ambient conditions. If the temperatures exceed this given value, derating must be applied according to the manufacturer’s specifications.
When it comes to breaker sizes for solar panels, NEC requires the breakers to be sized at 125% of the inverter’s rated output. So a 7680W inverter that outputs 240V, outputs 32A (7680W ÷ 240V = 32A). That requires a 40A breaker (32A x 125% = 40A).
If you owned a solar panel system at home, you have to understand how circuit breakers work to prevent catching fires at home. These devices are one of the major components of the PV solar system as they protect the system wiring from getting too hot and accidentally catch fire if short circuits occurred. Thus, understanding the breaker itself and its proper calculations in the PV system should be done.