Solar Market Outlook in Kyrgyzstan
The Republic of Kyrgyzstan is facing an energy deficit – the country is having a shortage in electric energy and it has prompted the development of renewable energy sources. The current problem faced by the country is also fueling the need to install new – large and small – solar capacities in order to supply the energy gap.
Currently, over 90% of Kyrgyzstan’s electricity is from large hydroelectric power plants. But the small rivers in the country are incapable of delivering enough power to meet the demands of its residents. You can also add to that the effects of climate change that has caused water levels to dip.
This is why the government of Kyrgyzstan is looking at the potential of solar sources in terms of meeting its energy needs. Another motivation for the government to turn to renewable sources is the impact on the environment and health.
The government of Kyrgyzstan has developed policies and regulations for the generation of energy through renewable sources like solar to address any shortage. These regulations will outline the guidelines for investors and entrepreneurs who plan on investing in solar power generation plants to supply the country with adequate power.
Solar Energy Equipment Supply Capacity in Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan’s solar market is still in its infancy. Therefore, the available solar power suppliers and distributors are not available locally, meaning they have to be imported into the country.
Top Major Seaports & Logistics in Kyrgyzstan
The logistics and trade activity for solar equipment will be easily facilitated through one of Kyrgyzstan’s many seaports. The main one, however, is the Port in Balykchy.
Solar Water Pump
Solar water pump definition
A solar water pump is a mechanical pump powered by electricity generated using photovoltaic panels. It is popularly referred to as a solar water pumping system because it requires several key components to work. The critical constituents of a functional water pump include;
- A solar panel array
- A mechanical DC water pump
- Photovoltaic cables
- A fuse box
- A solar charger control
You can employ a solar water pump in various applications, including crop irrigation and drinking water supply. Currently, it is the most suitable option for all your pumping needs because it has several benefits. It is essentially more efficient to operate and less costly to maintain than traditional fossil fuel-powered pumps. More importantly, it is environmentally friendly primarily because it runs on renewable solar energy. How exactly does it work?
The solar water pump’s working principle
When most of us hear of a solar water pump, we assume it is pretty challenging to use. I can confidently tell you that its usage is pretty straightforward once you install all the necessary components. Figure 1 below offers an outline of the main things you need to have in place for your solar water pump to work efficiently;
Figure 1: Components of a functional solar water pump system
The solar array absorbs solar energy and converts it into electric energy. The solar water pump’s inverter converts the DC electric current output generated by the photovoltaic system into AC. The AC electric current powers the pump and propels water from the source to the intended destination.
It is also crucial to note that the inverters regulate the electricity output frequency and voltage instantaneously. These regulatory actions correspond to variations in sunlight intensity. In simple terms, the system switches to supplementary energy automatically when sunlight intensity weakens. Is this not enough to convince you that a solar water pumping system is worth its investment?
Classifications of solar water pumps
There are several classifications of solar water pumps that you can choose from depending on your specific needs. The main varieties of solar water pumps include;
- The submersible solar water pump
This type of pump is ideal for deep water sources such as wells. It can lift up to 650 feet of water provided the sunlight energy can generate sufficient electricity to power the pump. Consequently, it is advisable to pump and store water when the sun’s intensity is at its best.
- The surface solar water pump
This pumping system is suitable for shallow water sources, including streams, storage tanks, and ponds. They can comfortably lift water with a depth of not more than 20 feet. If you intend to draw water beyond this depth, it would be best to settle for submersible pumps.