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  • Product Certificates
    Solar
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Hungary

Solar Market Outlook in Hungary

The Hungarian government is projecting to increase its solar capacities by sixfold from the period of 2020 to 2030. In order to achieve this ambitious goal, the government is encouraging new investments through a floating premium support system. The proposal is to give investors the opportunity to sell solar energy and equipment and have a direct impact on prices.

The market forecast for Hungary’s solar power market is expected to have a growth rate of over 4% from 2020 to 2025. The basis of this market forecast is the attractive subsidies imposed by the government on renewable energy providers. The government is also hoping that this will address issues of lack of domestic investors in renewable energy that is restraining the country’s solar energy market growth. 

The number of sunny days in Hungary makes it a promising potential for solar energy. This is also something that the government aims to capitalize on especially as they intend to replace coal with solar energy as a main renewable energy source by 2030. It is going to open up more opportunities for investing in the renewable energy market in Hungary, particularly when it comes to solar power.

Solar Energy Equipment Supply Capacity in Hungary

There are a substantial number of solar energy companies and suppliers in Hungary. But while options are not as expansive as the rest of Europe yet, there is plenty of potential for importing solar power equipment. You can find a number of suppliers and distributors in nearby Europe and in other parts of the world.

Top 8 Major Seaports & Logistics in Hungary

If you need to ship goods and solar power equipment to Hungary, you have plenty of options for handling sea freight. These are the top seaports in Hungary: Port of Gyor, Port of Csepel, Port of Baja, Port of Szeged, Port of Mohacs, Port of Dunaujvaros, Komarom, and Dunavecse.

Electric Breaker used for below projects in Hungary

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Electric Breaker

Electric Breakers

When installing a solar panel system, you have to be familiar with the electric breakers and how it works with a solar PV system to avoid future electric problems. The electric breaker is one of the main components of a solar power system that provides safety mechanisms. If ever the electrical wiring of your system has too much current flowing through it, these breakers can easily cut the power until your solar installer can fix the system’s problem. 

For today’s article, we will discuss electric breakers and their function in solar photovoltaic systems.

What is an Electric Breaker?

An electric or circuit breaker is an electrical switch designed to protect electrical circuits from damage caused by overloading of current or a short circuit. The basic function of an electric breaker is to prevent the current flow once protective relays detect a fault in the system. 

Although it is frequently interchanged with a fuse, which is the simplest Over Current Protection device (OCPD) in electrical circuits, a circuit breaker, is a much-evolved type of device that interrupts the current flow. The main difference between the two is electric breaker is resettable and the fuse is not. The fuse sacrifices itself while protecting the system to overheat, while the circuit breaker can withstand hundreds and thousands of operations. Another difference is that electric breakers are used with relatively higher currents. 

Components of Circuit Breaker

A circuit breaker system is composed of three parts. These three components are the sensing system, relay, and the combination of contacts and the contact actuator. A sensing system is responsible for detecting an overload situation, while a relay is responsible for transferring the information to the switching arrangement, and the combination of contacts and the contact actuator. This electric arrangement is usually observed in power transmission and distribution networks dealing with very high currents, voltages, and powers. 

Circuit Breakers Calculation in Solar Panel Systems

When connecting circuit breakers to the PV system, you have to follow the recommended calculations to avoid future problems and damage to the entire system. The recommendations for using overcurrent protection devices including circuit breakers in solar modules against overloading conditions are given in IEC 60269-6 (volume 6 of IEC 60269-6) and also UL 248-19. 

For circuit breakers, IEC recommends a 20% and 25% margin in voltage and overload current. Most of the time, the ratings are specified by the solar manufacturers at given ambient conditions. If the temperatures exceed this given value, derating must be applied according to the manufacturer’s specifications. 

When it comes to breaker sizes for solar panels, NEC requires the breakers to be sized at 125% of the inverter’s rated output. So a 7680W inverter that outputs 240V, outputs 32A (7680W ÷ 240V = 32A). That requires a 40A breaker (32A x 125% = 40A).

Final Thoughts

If you owned a solar panel system at home,  you have to understand how circuit breakers work to prevent catching fires at home. These devices are one of the major components of the PV solar system as they protect the system wiring from getting too hot and accidentally catch fire if short circuits occurred. Thus, understanding the breaker itself and its proper calculations in the PV system should be done.