Solar Market Outlook in Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso is leading the way in renewable energy in West Africa. However, this wasn’t always the case – in fact, the country is playing catch up in terms of its commitment to clean energy.
The first solar plant – and also the largest in West Africa – is located in Zagtouli in Burkina Faso. This solar build is the solution to a cheap, reliable, and efficient source of energy in an area wherein over 19 million residents have no access to electricity. This solar plant is capable of producing up to 5% of the nation’s total energy supply.
Another effort to drive the solar power market in the country is through a public private partnership known as the Emerging Africa Infrastructure Fund. This development will cost 29 Million Euros and is capable of producing 30 MW of solar power. This is a major step for one of Africa’s poorest countries in terms of taking its solar energy industry to the next level.
Solar Energy Equipment Supply Capacity in Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso has an abundance of power equipment suppliers and distributors for individual and commercial use. It also has access to many other global suppliers and distributors.
Top 8 Major Seaports & Logistics in Burkina Faso
Despite being a landlocked country, it is possible to supply solar power equipment via major seaports near the African country. The major ports include Beregadougou and Koudougou. This makes it possible for the logistics and trade activity to include solar power equipment and parts for small or large scale installations.
Solar Water Pump
Solar water pump definition
A solar water pump is a mechanical pump powered by electricity generated using photovoltaic panels. It is popularly referred to as a solar water pumping system because it requires several key components to work. The critical constituents of a functional water pump include;
- A solar panel array
- A mechanical DC water pump
- Photovoltaic cables
- A fuse box
- A solar charger control
You can employ a solar water pump in various applications, including crop irrigation and drinking water supply. Currently, it is the most suitable option for all your pumping needs because it has several benefits. It is essentially more efficient to operate and less costly to maintain than traditional fossil fuel-powered pumps. More importantly, it is environmentally friendly primarily because it runs on renewable solar energy. How exactly does it work?
The solar water pump’s working principle
When most of us hear of a solar water pump, we assume it is pretty challenging to use. I can confidently tell you that its usage is pretty straightforward once you install all the necessary components. Figure 1 below offers an outline of the main things you need to have in place for your solar water pump to work efficiently;
Figure 1: Components of a functional solar water pump system
The solar array absorbs solar energy and converts it into electric energy. The solar water pump’s inverter converts the DC electric current output generated by the photovoltaic system into AC. The AC electric current powers the pump and propels water from the source to the intended destination.
It is also crucial to note that the inverters regulate the electricity output frequency and voltage instantaneously. These regulatory actions correspond to variations in sunlight intensity. In simple terms, the system switches to supplementary energy automatically when sunlight intensity weakens. Is this not enough to convince you that a solar water pumping system is worth its investment?
Classifications of solar water pumps
There are several classifications of solar water pumps that you can choose from depending on your specific needs. The main varieties of solar water pumps include;
- The submersible solar water pump
This type of pump is ideal for deep water sources such as wells. It can lift up to 650 feet of water provided the sunlight energy can generate sufficient electricity to power the pump. Consequently, it is advisable to pump and store water when the sun’s intensity is at its best.
- The surface solar water pump
This pumping system is suitable for shallow water sources, including streams, storage tanks, and ponds. They can comfortably lift water with a depth of not more than 20 feet. If you intend to draw water beyond this depth, it would be best to settle for submersible pumps.