Bosnia and Herzegovina
Solar Market Outlook in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s energy sector has endured significant loss due to the low energy efficiency standards in the past. This was the case with both residential and commercial buildings, which resulted in the country’s high energy expenditure. As part of the country’s economic transition, they are also looking at switching to energy efficient renewable sources in order to counter the effects of poverty.
The government in Bosnia and Herzegovina is looking at clean energy sources such as solar in order to reduce carbon emissions, reduce fossil fuel usage, and to lower the cost of energy in public buildings. To do this, there was emphasis on energy efficiency and renewable energy.
In 2018, solar energy accounted for 20.65 MW of power generation. This was a significant number but it is not the most prevalent source of renewable energy since hydropower and wind produced more energy.
There are still many issues plaguing Bosnia and Herzegovina’s solar PV market, but the government is looking to scale it up. They are hoping to correct the lack of clear administrative procedures in order to create new opportunities for investors in the solar energy sector.
Solar Energy Equipment Supply Capacity in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina has access to local and global suppliers and distributors of solar power equipment. However, local manufacturers are far and few in between so the best option would be to find global or online suppliers.
Top Major Seaports & Logistics in Bosnia and Herzegovina
It is easy to facilitate trade and transport of solar power equipment in Bosnia and Herzegovina through the following seaports:
- Bosanskri Brod
Solar Water Pump
Solar water pump definition
A solar water pump is a mechanical pump powered by electricity generated using photovoltaic panels. It is popularly referred to as a solar water pumping system because it requires several key components to work. The critical constituents of a functional water pump include;
- A solar panel array
- A mechanical DC water pump
- Photovoltaic cables
- A fuse box
- A solar charger control
You can employ a solar water pump in various applications, including crop irrigation and drinking water supply. Currently, it is the most suitable option for all your pumping needs because it has several benefits. It is essentially more efficient to operate and less costly to maintain than traditional fossil fuel-powered pumps. More importantly, it is environmentally friendly primarily because it runs on renewable solar energy. How exactly does it work?
The solar water pump’s working principle
When most of us hear of a solar water pump, we assume it is pretty challenging to use. I can confidently tell you that its usage is pretty straightforward once you install all the necessary components. Figure 1 below offers an outline of the main things you need to have in place for your solar water pump to work efficiently;
Figure 1: Components of a functional solar water pump system
The solar array absorbs solar energy and converts it into electric energy. The solar water pump’s inverter converts the DC electric current output generated by the photovoltaic system into AC. The AC electric current powers the pump and propels water from the source to the intended destination.
It is also crucial to note that the inverters regulate the electricity output frequency and voltage instantaneously. These regulatory actions correspond to variations in sunlight intensity. In simple terms, the system switches to supplementary energy automatically when sunlight intensity weakens. Is this not enough to convince you that a solar water pumping system is worth its investment?
Classifications of solar water pumps
There are several classifications of solar water pumps that you can choose from depending on your specific needs. The main varieties of solar water pumps include;
- The submersible solar water pump
This type of pump is ideal for deep water sources such as wells. It can lift up to 650 feet of water provided the sunlight energy can generate sufficient electricity to power the pump. Consequently, it is advisable to pump and store water when the sun’s intensity is at its best.
- The surface solar water pump
This pumping system is suitable for shallow water sources, including streams, storage tanks, and ponds. They can comfortably lift water with a depth of not more than 20 feet. If you intend to draw water beyond this depth, it would be best to settle for submersible pumps.