Bosnia and Herzegovina
Solar Market Outlook in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s energy sector has endured significant loss due to the low energy efficiency standards in the past. This was the case with both residential and commercial buildings, which resulted in the country’s high energy expenditure. As part of the country’s economic transition, they are also looking at switching to energy efficient renewable sources in order to counter the effects of poverty.
The government in Bosnia and Herzegovina is looking at clean energy sources such as solar in order to reduce carbon emissions, reduce fossil fuel usage, and to lower the cost of energy in public buildings. To do this, there was emphasis on energy efficiency and renewable energy.
In 2018, solar energy accounted for 20.65 MW of power generation. This was a significant number but it is not the most prevalent source of renewable energy since hydropower and wind produced more energy.
There are still many issues plaguing Bosnia and Herzegovina’s solar PV market, but the government is looking to scale it up. They are hoping to correct the lack of clear administrative procedures in order to create new opportunities for investors in the solar energy sector.
Solar Energy Equipment Supply Capacity in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina has access to local and global suppliers and distributors of solar power equipment. However, local manufacturers are far and few in between so the best option would be to find global or online suppliers.
Top Major Seaports & Logistics in Bosnia and Herzegovina
It is easy to facilitate trade and transport of solar power equipment in Bosnia and Herzegovina through the following seaports:
- Bosanskri Brod
Nickel Iron Battery
What is a Nickel Iron Battery?
A Nickel-iron battery is a rechargeable battery used for storing electric power. A Nickel-Iron(NiFe) battery contains nickel hydroxide and iron plates. The nickel(III) plates have a positive charge, and the iron plates have a negative. Each cell of this battery gives about 1.2 V of nominal voltage.
These batteries have cell durability of more than 30 years with repeated deep discharges. The slow power discharge is because the solubility of the reactants in the electrolytic solution is significantly low.
What are the applications of a Nickel Iron Battery?
Nickel Iron batteries find their application in various fields for power storage. Some of them are,
Solar Applications: The robust nature of NiFe batteries makes them suitable for solar power production. In solar applications, these batteries can fully charge in 4 hours and take overcharges and deep discharges.
Car Headlights: Due to the low self-discharge rate of only 20% to 30%. NiFe batteries produce current in the car’s electrical system and run the air conditioning.
Electrical Engines: Metro train propulsion systems in the United Kingdom and North America use Nickel Iron batteries.
How does a Nickel Iron Battery work?
Charging: The charging of the batteries takes place in the potassium hydroxide solution. Oxygen gets transferred from one plate to another. The anode is super oxidized, while the cathode has less oxidation.
Discharging: In a closed circuit, the Nickel iron battery experiences deoxidation on the positive side. While the oxidation of Iron plates, the charge starts to flow through the electrical circuit. Oxygen naturally gets attracted to Iron, forming the iron oxide.
What are some big brands of Nickel Iron batteries?
Iron Edison is one of the largest Nickel Iron battery manufacturers and suppliers in the USA. Some of the other manufacturers of Nickel-iron batteries are:
- Battery Solutions, LLC
- HBL America, Inc.
- U.S. Materials Handling Corp.