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    Solar

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Algeria

Solar Market Outlook in Algeria

The renewable energy sector of Algeria is steadily growing over the past few years. However, the past couple of years saw the most consistent and committed effort from the Algerian government in an effort to bolster the solar energy industry.

In early 2021, the Algerian government announced its plans to call for tenders of up to 1,000 MW of clean energy that is available to select companies. Foreign investors are also welcomed but there are certain conditions to be met.

In June 2021, the government launched a tender for 1,000 MW for solar PV capacity. The focus on boosting the solar power generation capacity in Algeria is fueled by the growing demand for electricity in the country. At the same time, it aims to save on gas production for export purposes. 

The target for the Algerian government is to reach 16 GW of solar and renewable energy capacity by 2035. There are some areas in Algeria that are lacking in terms of energy production and the government is looking at solar power as a viable solution to meet this demand. 

Solar Energy Equipment Supply Capacity in Algeria

There are several companies and suppliers operating in Algeria for those looking to obtain solar power equipment. Access to these equipment suppliers is convenient due to the logistics and trade activity in the country.

Top 8 Major Seaports & Logistics in Algeria

There are numerous seaports and logistics facilities available in Algeria for those interested in shifting to solar energy generation. These can be transported via the major seaports in Algeria such as

  • Algiers,
  • Annaba,
  • Beni Saf,
  • Cherchell,
  • Djen Djen,
  • Oran, Mostaganem, 
  • Ghazaouet,

Electric Breaker

Electric Breakers

When installing a solar panel system, you have to be familiar with the electric breakers and how it works with a solar PV system to avoid future electric problems. The electric breaker is one of the main components of a solar power system that provides safety mechanisms. If ever the electrical wiring of your system has too much current flowing through it, these breakers can easily cut the power until your solar installer can fix the system’s problem. 

For today’s article, we will discuss electric breakers and their function in solar photovoltaic systems.

What is an Electric Breaker?

An electric or circuit breaker is an electrical switch designed to protect electrical circuits from damage caused by overloading of current or a short circuit. The basic function of an electric breaker is to prevent the current flow once protective relays detect a fault in the system. 

Although it is frequently interchanged with a fuse, which is the simplest Over Current Protection device (OCPD) in electrical circuits, a circuit breaker, is a much-evolved type of device that interrupts the current flow. The main difference between the two is electric breaker is resettable and the fuse is not. The fuse sacrifices itself while protecting the system to overheat, while the circuit breaker can withstand hundreds and thousands of operations. Another difference is that electric breakers are used with relatively higher currents. 

Components of Circuit Breaker

A circuit breaker system is composed of three parts. These three components are the sensing system, relay, and the combination of contacts and the contact actuator. A sensing system is responsible for detecting an overload situation, while a relay is responsible for transferring the information to the switching arrangement, and the combination of contacts and the contact actuator. This electric arrangement is usually observed in power transmission and distribution networks dealing with very high currents, voltages, and powers. 

Circuit Breakers Calculation in Solar Panel Systems

When connecting circuit breakers to the PV system, you have to follow the recommended calculations to avoid future problems and damage to the entire system. The recommendations for using overcurrent protection devices including circuit breakers in solar modules against overloading conditions are given in IEC 60269-6 (volume 6 of IEC 60269-6) and also UL 248-19. 

For circuit breakers, IEC recommends a 20% and 25% margin in voltage and overload current. Most of the time, the ratings are specified by the solar manufacturers at given ambient conditions. If the temperatures exceed this given value, derating must be applied according to the manufacturer’s specifications. 

When it comes to breaker sizes for solar panels, NEC requires the breakers to be sized at 125% of the inverter’s rated output. So a 7680W inverter that outputs 240V, outputs 32A (7680W ÷ 240V = 32A). That requires a 40A breaker (32A x 125% = 40A).

Final Thoughts

If you owned a solar panel system at home,  you have to understand how circuit breakers work to prevent catching fires at home. These devices are one of the major components of the PV solar system as they protect the system wiring from getting too hot and accidentally catch fire if short circuits occurred. Thus, understanding the breaker itself and its proper calculations in the PV system should be done.