If you are planning to get a solar panel system at home, it’s good to understand first the cables and wirings used in solar panel units for your safety. First of all, before you can start generating renewable solar energy, you need wirings and cables to connect all the components of your solar panel system together. The type and size of cables are also important to consider.
For today’s article, we will explain what battery cables are and the different types of solar cables.
What are Battery Cables?
A battery cable is a cable used to power your solar panel system. A solar photovoltaic system will not work without the use of cables and wiring to connect the solar panels to the solar battery and to the other system components. An inter-module cable is used to connect solar PV modules to each other while the controller-to-battery wiring connects the controller to the solar battery or battery bank. The output cables then connect the solar array to a controller or usually an inverter, in the case of off-grid systems.
Typically, battery interconnect cables and battery to inverter cables are necessary for any system with batteries. If you want to make your own battery cables, you need crimping cable & wire tools. In addition to wiring between solar PV modules and solar batteries, and between the solar battery bank and inverter, you are required to use wiring from the combiner box to the battery bank or sometimes known as the home-run.
Solar cable is made up of several insulated wires wrapped with an outer jacket. Solar professionals use them to interconnect solar PV modules to solar batteries, and to other components of a solar power system. They can handle high temperatures, high UV radiation, and have weather resistance features. Typically, these cables are installed outside or within the solar arrays.
When it comes to cable sizes, the diameter depends on the number of conductors it contains. Mostly, the classification of solar cables is based on the number of their wires and gauge. Generally, there are three common types of cables used in a photovoltaic system. These cables are DC solar cables, solar DC main cables, and solar AC connection cables.
Types of Solar Cable
DC solar cables are either module or string cables. These cables are usually single core copper cables with insulation and sheathe. They are used within the solar panels and usually go with suitable connectors. These solar cables are pre-built into the PV modules, so replacement is not recommended.
These solar cables are either single or two-core power collector cables made to connect the positive and negative cables from the generator junction box to the solar power system’s central inverter. Main DC cable comes in a variety of sizes, usually 2mm, 4mm, and 6mm.
- AC connection cable
The AC connection cable is responsible for connecting the inverter to its protection equipment and the electricity grid.
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Before you connect those solar cables and wirings you should know what cables you are using and when they should be connected to avoid problems and damage to your solar power system. Understanding all the types and functions of each cable and wire is essential for a safe and code-compliant system.
In the simplest terms, manufacturing is the process of producing actual goods or items/products through the use of raw materials, human labour, use of machinery, tools and other processes such as chemical formulation. This process usually starts with product designing and raw material selection, turning them into an actual product output.
Solar Products Manufacturers and Factories
In terms of solar, manufacturing encompasses the fabrication or production of materials across the solar market chain. The most common product being manufactured by solar companies are the solar photovoltaic (PV) panels, which are made with several subcomponents such as solar wafers, cells, glass, back sheets, and frames. Before a solar panel comes into life, it will undergo a lot of processes, from designing, modelling, choosing what raw materials to use and then assembling them all to make the final product.
More Than Just Solar Panels
Aside from the solar panels, solar companies have many other manufactured products that are required to make solar energy systems work smoothly, like solar inverters, batteries, combiner boxes, and racking and tracking structures.
Having a solar manufacturing sector makes a big difference in supplying affordable solar energy in different areas. Aside from maintaining the rising domestic and global demand for cleaner and renewable energy, they also help the economy grow, particularly the solar industry. If you are in search of a reliable solar manufacturing company, checking out our solar outsourcing company, SolarFeeds, would help you get easy access to reliable information, news, data and a list of solar manufacturers that can help you with solar products.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Solar Market Outlook in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s energy sector has endured significant loss due to the low energy efficiency standards in the past. This was the case with both residential and commercial buildings, which resulted in the country’s high energy expenditure. As part of the country’s economic transition, they are also looking at switching to energy efficient renewable sources in order to counter the effects of poverty.
The government in Bosnia and Herzegovina is looking at clean energy sources such as solar in order to reduce carbon emissions, reduce fossil fuel usage, and to lower the cost of energy in public buildings. To do this, there was emphasis on energy efficiency and renewable energy.
In 2018, solar energy accounted for 20.65 MW of power generation. This was a significant number but it is not the most prevalent source of renewable energy since hydropower and wind produced more energy.
There are still many issues plaguing Bosnia and Herzegovina’s solar PV market, but the government is looking to scale it up. They are hoping to correct the lack of clear administrative procedures in order to create new opportunities for investors in the solar energy sector.
Solar Energy Equipment Supply Capacity in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina has access to local and global suppliers and distributors of solar power equipment. However, local manufacturers are far and few in between so the best option would be to find global or online suppliers.
Top Major Seaports & Logistics in Bosnia and Herzegovina
It is easy to facilitate trade and transport of solar power equipment in Bosnia and Herzegovina through the following seaports:
- Bosanskri Brod