The decline in the levels of fossil fuel sources and the rise ingreenhouse gas emissions caused due to transport are the main reasonsdriving the thought of eco-friendly cars. Whenever eco-friendly cars are imagined, vehicles fueled by electricity are first to hit the mind.These vehicles don’t pollute the streets and, as an added advantage,they’re noise-free as well. However, these machines lack two basicfeatures required by most drivers – speed and driving range. To answerthe operating range issue, many industrial designers are foreseeing afuture where cars will be able to generate renewable energy on the moveto better their performance as well as green credentials.
Demands of the city of the future:
A city of the future could be quite different from the urban setting of today. With not much land to spare, future cities are expected to be more congested than today. Such a city will need better infrastructureand greener vehicles to allow residents maintain their fast-pacedlifestyle. Some problems an urban city resident might confront in thefuture are:
Since more land will be utilized for building residential andcommercial skyscrapers, highways are expected to be clogged with cars.
The demand for energy is already on a rise and by the year 2050 thelevels of pollution on the streets might become unbearable.
• Fossil Fuel:
World’s oil reserves are expected to run out much before they’reexpected to. While coal might last a little longer, fuel fit for carsand other vehicles will have to be sourced from cleaner and renewablesources.
In the city of the future, finding a place to park your luxury sedan might be unavailable. Such cities will need compact cars ortwo-wheelers that need a small parking space.
A Peep into the future:
We all believe that the future will be dominated by electric carsthat either run on lithium-ion batteries or hydrogen fuel cells. Whilehydrogen delivers better range and speed, electric cars are lessexpensive and when fueled with renewable energy, they’re 100 percentgreen as well. Some alternatives to conventional transport in the future include:
• Solar Powered Vehicles:
Harnessing solar energy to power cars makes sure that theelectricity grid of the future isn’t burdened. Industrial designers have been helping automakers with some stunning concept vehicles thatharness solar energy on the move, an approach which also betters theperformance of the vehicle. Click on the image below to check out someconcept cars powered by renewable solar energy.
• Shape Shifting Cars:
Replacing internal combustion engines with silent electric motorsallows designers to come up with concept vehicles that can change theirshape according to conditions. If stuck in a traffic jam, these vehicles can reduce their size for better maneuverability and if speed andperformance are desired, they can alter their shape accordingly. Clickon the image below for some transforming concept cars:
• Hydrogen Powered Cars:
While electric cars are mostly slow and take hours to recharge,hydrogen can definitely prove to be a better fuel. Hydrogen is also themost abundant element in the universe, which makes it an idealalternative to polluting fossil fuels. Click on the image below to check out some futuristic vehicles that are powered by hydrogen.
• Zero-emission Motorcycles:
Statistics point out that a majority of the journeys done in carshave only a single passenger, which makes cars inefficient for transport in the future. The highways of the future might have more electricmotorcycles than electric cars. Check out some concept motorcycles thatare powered by clean electricity:
Will present day electric cars lead us to future?
Present day electric cars need electricity from the grid to recharge their onboard batteries. In the future when generating electricity from polluting fossil fuels won’t be practical, present day electric cars do need some changes. Moreover, present day electric cars need to be fastand also have a decent operating range, which makes them viable for afuture city. Research is ongoing and while some scientists aredeveloping better batteries which recharge in minutes, there are somewho propose swappable battery tech as the future.