A war on drafts has broken out at the UN Climate Change conference, ona day which also say the European Union (EU) commit $3 billion US toclimate fund, the G-77 chief negotiator of walk out of talks in angerand a divisive split over a proposed the two degree target.
As the Danish draft continues to make it round, another draft hassurfaced firmly putting demands on rich countries. In November, duringa closed door meeting in Beijing, India, China, South Africa andBrazil, the four major emerging economies finalised an 11-page draft-the “Copenhagen Accord”. It proposes a “binding” amendment to the KyotoProtocol calling for rich countries to reduce their carbon emissions bymore than 40 percent compared to 1990 levels.
Led by Beijing, the initiative was conceived as a rebuttal bydeveloping countries to the “Copenhagen Agreement” allegedly written bythe conference’s host country.
According to AFP, the “Copenhagen Accord”, posted on the website ofFrench daily newspaper Le Monde, embraces the objective of limitingglobal warming to two degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industriallevels. It calls on rich countries, committed to CO2 reductions of atleast five percent by 2012, to “multiply by eight” and points out thatreductions should be made “mainly through domestic measures” and notthrough the purchase of so-called “offsets” outside their borders.
G-77 chief negotiator walks out of talks
Lumumba Stanislaus Di-Aiping, chief negotiator for 130 developingcountries walked out of a consultation meeting with UN representativesin anger, claiming the climate change conference will probably bewrecked by the “bad intentions of some people”.
“Things are not going well” a normally tight lipped Di-Aiping said to Danish TV.
In another development Di-Aiping called on US President Barack Obamastating it would be “embarrassing for the US not to be part of asolution to save humanity”. The “USA is the worlds largest emitterhistorically and per capita. A reduction of four percent compared to1990 levels will not help save the world. We ask the USA to join theKyoto Protocol and take on commitments comparable to Annex 1 countries(industrialized countries)” said Di-Aiping.
“This is a challenge that President Barack Obama needs to rise as aNobel Prize winner and as an advocate of a multilateral global society.We know he is proud to be a part of that community through his familyrelations in Africa” he added.
The Two Degree Split
Analysis from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)shows that a temperature increase of two degrees Celsius can be said tobe a threshold value. Above this value the effects of climate changewould probably be more difficult to manage and would compound at aquicker pace. Now, more than 100 nations back even tougher climategoals.
The 1.5 Celsius goal would require cuts in greenhouse gas emissions byrich nations of at least 45 percent from 1990 levels by 2020.
More popular than Tiger Woods
“Copenhagen” is now the number one search query on the world’s leadinginternet search engine, thwarting US golfer Tiger Woods from the topspot.