China FiT Policy: 14 GW PV Project Pipeline
The release of a national photovoltaic (PV) Feed-in Tariff (FiT) policy in July has resulted in a significant increase in PV project development activity in China. According to the first edition of the Solarbuzz China Deal Tracker, as of the end of September, the non-residential PV project pipeline in China stands at 14 GW.
Solarbuzz has identified 1,007 non-residential projects in China that are installed, being installed or in the development phase. Development-phase projects include tender-awarded, going through tender process, or planned without tender.
The Northwest region, where both intense solar radiation and vast amounts of land are available for utility-scale projects, currently accounts for 66 percent of the total China project pipeline. The top five province pipelines in megawatt terms are Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia and Sichuan
Non-residential PV project activity, characterized by large project sizes, is now evident across 29 Chinese provinces. Projects above 1 MW are the major segment of the market in MW terms, accounting for 707 of the projects being monitored. The fast-developing non-residential segment has created an important and growing opportunity for project developers, as well as engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) companies. Most leading project developer groups are state-owned enterprises (SOEs), with the top 10 companies accounting for 9.7 GW of the total pipeline.
The collapse in factory-gate module prices in 2011 has enabled projects to provide reasonable internal rates of return (IRR), considering the CNY1.15/kWh tariff. Installed system prices of ground-mount projects above 10 MW are now below CNY15 per watt and decreasing.
“The earlier-than-expected release of the national PV FiT policy has opened the door to explosive growth in project development activities in China,” said Ray Lian, analyst at Solarbuzz. “The result is more tenders and an acceleration of PV orders. In 2011, the PV market in China will exceed 1.6 GW, representing over 230 percent growth from 2010.”
Strong growth in domestic demand provides great opportunity to Chinese module suppliers. For those projects that have selected their module suppliers, the top four suppliers in MW terms are Suntech, Yingli, GD Solar and Shanghai Aerospace Automobile Electromechanical. The leading inverter supplier is Sungrow Power Supply.
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