3 Types of ISO 14000 Environmental Labels and Declarations
Documents in the CAN/CSA-ISO 14030 Seriesdeal with issues of environmental performance evaluation, indicators,and reporting. The same information is sometimes required forenvironmental reports and for verification of environmental claims.
The CAN/CSA-ISO 14040 Series deals with the product life cycle; it coversthe guiding principles of life cycle analysis, inventory, impactassessment, and interpretation, and provides some sample applications.Credible environmental labelling is dependent on an understanding of the life cycle of a product; consequently, the linkages between the 14020and 14040 standards are very important.
ISO and IEC guides arealso available to help those developing technical standards to considerthe environmental aspects of products. One such guide is ISO Guide 64.
Type I environmental labelling — Principles and procedures
Establishes procedures to establish and operate a Type I, or eco-logo, program.Type I programs employ a third-party certification process to verifyproduct or service compliance with a pre-selected set of criteria.Provides guidance on developing criteria, compliance, systems, andoperating procedures for awarding eco-logos for third-party verifiers.
Type II environmental labelling — Self-declared environmental claims
Defines commonly used environmental claims, establishes use guidelines for theMobius loop markings, and suggests methodologies for tests that can beused to verify these claims.
Type III environmentaldeclarations
Specifies a format for reporting quantifiablelife cycle data (environmental loads, such as energy used, emissionsgenerated, etc.) Describes business-to-business declarations and labels, which require independent verification of the data only, notthird-party certification. Business-to-consumer declarations requirethird-party certification.
Richard Matthews is a consultant, sustainable investor, writer and owner of The Green Market Oracle, a leading sustainable business blog that covers the convergence of sustainable capitalism and the global environment.The Green Market is one of the most comprehensive resources for information and tools on sustainability. Follow The Green Market's twitter feed and see the Facebook Fan Page. Richard is a contributor to more than 50 publications. Find him on Facebook and Linkedin.
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